May 29, 2024



Climatology for Kerala PSC: Air Masses, Entrance & Jet Stream

2 min read

●  When the air stays over a homogenous space for a adequately lengthier time, it acquires the qualities of the area.

●  The air with distinctive properties in conditions of temperature and humidity is called an air mass. It is defined as a big body of air getting minor horizontal variation in temperature and humidity.

●  The homogenous areas can be the huge ocean area or huge plains. The homogeneous surfaces, about which air masses sort, are known as the supply areas.

●  The air masses are categorized in accordance to the source regions.

●  There are five key source regions. These are:

(i) Warm tropical and subtropical oceans

(ii) The subtropical warm deserts

(iii) The rather cold large latitude oceans

(iv) The quite cold snow-protected continents in superior latitudes

(v) Completely ice-coated continents in the Arctic and Antarctica.

●  Appropriately, next styles of air masses are identified:

(i) Maritime tropical (mT)

(ii) Continental tropical (cT)

(iii) Maritime polar (mP)

(iv) Continental polar (cP)

(v) Continental arctic (cA)

●  Tropical air masses are heat and polar air masses are chilly.

●  When two unique air masses meet up with, the boundary zone amongst them is called a front.

●  The procedure of development of the fronts is acknowledged as frontogenesis.

●  There are 4 sorts of fronts:

(a) Chilly

(b) Warm

(c) Stationary

(d) Occluded

●  When the cold air moves toward the warm air mass, its get hold of zone is termed the chilly entrance, while if the heat air mass moves towards the cold air mass, the make contact with zone is a warm entrance.

●  When the entrance stays stationary, it is named a stationary entrance.

●  If an air mass is completely lifted over the land surface area, it is identified as the occluded front.

●  The fronts manifest in middle latitudes and are characterised by steep gradients in temperature and pressure.  They deliver abrupt alterations in temperature and result in the air to increase to kind clouds and result in precipitation.

●  Jet streams have been termed as the significant-altitude river of air.

●  These are large velocity winds blowing at large altitudes.

●  These are tubular shaped meandering stream of the wind shifting from west to east found at altitudes of 5 to 12 KM.

●  They are more pronounced in the Southern Hemisphere.

●  The jet stream winds have velocities of 300 to 500 km per hour.

●  The best velocities frequently manifest in excess of the eastern pieces of the continents and the western sides of the ocean basins. The least expensive velocities come about in the longitudinal or west-east sectors in close proximity to the floor subtropical large-pressure cells.

●  Velocities transform seasonally. The winter season velocities are double individuals of the summer season.

●  The greatest speeds in the winter arise along the Asian Coast, above South-eastern U.S.A., and in the location in between North Africa and the Indian Ocean.
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